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Starship Technology
Phasers
Phasers, Phased Energy Rectification, are the standard sub light speed weapon used by most space faring races, most notably the United Federation of Planets. Phasers came into wide spread service during the 2200's, with most Star Fleet ships being equipped with them by the 2250's. These first Phasers replaces EM weapons, such as lasers, and particle beam accelerators. Phasers are related to the other widely used beam weapon, disrupters. Phasers are more efficient versions of disrupters, used mainly by the Klingon and Romulan empires, Phasers require less energy to produce the same effect as disrupters allowing smaller or higher output weapons to be created

The energy released by Phasers is from the rapid nadion effect (RNE), rapid nadions are subatomic particles that interact with certain types of super conducting crystals call fushigi-no-umi. The rapid nadions interact with the crystal by freeing the strong atomic force from the nuclei of the crystals' atoms, producing the power output of the Phaser.

Federation Type X Phasers are the standard weapons of most newer classes of vessels. Each Phaser emitter can produce 5.1 megawatts of energy, as opposed to a personal Phaser which can only emit 0.01MWs of energy. These emitters are arranged into larger Phaser arrays on Starship, a Galaxy class has 12 arrays distributed over the ship, the larger arrays are composed of about two hundred emitters. The arrays are feed by the ships EPS power system with energy produced by the ships warp core.

There are several variations of the standard Phaser in operation. First is the small person Phaser and rifle, mean for use against personal. Older starships are still fitted with old Type VII-IX Phasers which have less power output then the newest Phasers. Large planetary defence Phasers are outfitted at colonies, Type XI planetary defence variant Phasers were installed on board the Federation space station Deep Space 9. Ships such as the Federation Sovereign class are outfitted with Type XII planetary defence Phasers, formerly known as Type 10+, these Phasers are the largest and most powerful ship mounted Phasers. The final variation is the pulse cannon Phaser fitted on ships of the Federation Defiant class
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